Elephants because of the larger shape and dense nature of their temporal lobe ‘never forget’
The human brain can store about 2.5 Petabytes, that’s around 1million gigabytes. Certainly more than enough space to store all the memories one will acquire in one’s lifetime. Except you are some sort of savant, or maybe a person with eidetic memory, you must have suffered memory loss at some point or the other in your life.
And if you are like most people, you will have a problem recollecting distant events or no longer be able to retain certain selective memories like names, numbers or even places.
One of the most dreaded things about growing old is memory loss. The idea that a time will come in your life when you might find it difficult to remember who you are or the things that were important to you will terrify anyone, and rightfully so.
After all, our memories, opinions and choices are the most essential parts of being alive; therefore losing these things while one still lives is scary.
But to some animals, they don’t have to worry about this as they can recollect most distant memory and events. Elephants are one of these animals.
The reasons for the memory size and other intelligent properties of the elephant isn’t exactly known, it has been mostly linked to the size of their brain. Its temporal lobe (the area of the brain associated with memory) is larger and denser than that of human beings and other animals. This is known to be about three times the size of the human brain? It might also explain the elephant’s emotional capacity, which makes elephants one of the few animal species are capable of suffering from post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD).
Elephants have been seen to remember routes back to sources of food and water that are hundreds of miles away, even after being there only once. There have been many cases where a grown elephant remembers the face of a person who rescued it as a child or rendered help to it as a child.
The animal kingdom is full of surprising behaviours that baffle humans, like the case of a cow who breastfed a tiger as a cub, but many years after their separation, the grown tiger still comes back to spend time and slay close to the cow at night when no one was around.
Some interesting facts about Elephants’’
- Elephants are the largest land animals
- There are two species of elephants: the Asian and the African elephants.
- Elephants use dirt/dust as sunscreen
- An Elephant’s trunk has about 150,000 muscles and can be used for many tasks. hence, an elephant can’t survive without its trunk.
- Elephants are constantly eating and spend about three-quarters of their day eating.
- Elephants honour their dead.
- Elephants are empathetic and support the needy
- Elephants communicate through vibrations
- A young elephant calf can stand within 20 minutes of birth and walk within an hour
- Despite their enormous size, elephants are excellent swimmers.